Ethiopia

Background Information

Region

Sub-Saharan Africa

World Bank income group

Low income

Percent of population aged 10-24

33% (UNFPA, 2023)

Total primary school age population (both sexes)

18,145,908 (UIS, 2022)

Total secondary school age population (both sexes)

16,792,348 (UIS, 2022)

Proportion of women aged 20-24 years who were married or in a union before age 18 (% of women aged 20-24)

40%

Source: UNSDG , 2016

Adolescent birth rate (per 1,000 women ages 15-19)

73

Source: UN Human Development Reports , 2018

Percentage of women who ever experienced physical violence since age 15 (% of women 15-49)

23%

Source: DHS , 2016

Percentage of married women employed in the last 12 months (% of married or in-union women 15-49)

48%

Source: DHS , 2016

Education Snapshot Back to Top

Number of years of free primary and secondary education guaranteed in legal frameworks (Years)

8

Source: UIS , 2019

Percentage of upper secondary schools providing life skills-based HIV and sexuality education within the formal curriculum or as part of extra-curricular activities

No data available

Proportion of schools with access to single-sex basic sanitation facilities

No data available

Source: UIS

Women as a percentage of teachers in tertiary education

No data available

Men as a percentage of teachers in pre-primary education Men as a percentage

Source: UIS , 2022

Expenditure on education as a percentage of total government expenditure % GDP spent on education

Source: UIS , 2022

Proportion of students at the end of primary education achieving at least a minimum proficiency level in reading

No data available

Proportion of students at the end of primary education achieving at least a minimum proficiency level in mathematics

No data available

Experiencing bullying in the last 12 months in lower secondary education

No data available

Youth not in education, employment or training

  • Female 25%

  • Male 10%

Female: ILO, 2021

Male: ILO, 2021


Completion rate

Primary school age
  • Female 48%

  • Male 47%

Female: UIS, 2016

Male: UIS, 2016

Lower secondary school age
  • Female 22%

  • Male 22%

Female: UIS, 2016

Male: UIS, 2016

Upper secondary school age
  • Female 14%

  • Male 12%

Female: UIS, 2016

Male: UIS, 2016


Out-of-school rate

Primary school
  • Female 24%

  • Male 26%

Female: UIS, 2016

Male: UIS, 2016

Lower secondary school
  • Female 33%

  • Male 31%

Female: UIS, 2016

Male: UIS, 2016

Upper secondary school
  • Female 59%

  • Male 48%

Female: UIS, 2016

Male: UIS, 2016

Legal Frameworks Back to Top

Presence of legislation on child protection, to prevent corporal punishment in schools

3

Limited protection from violence in educational institutions

Source: HerAtlas , 2019

Presence of legal framework protecting the right to education without discrimination based on sex/gender

1

Does not enshrine right to education

Source: HerAtlas , 2019

Presence of legislation to protect and facilitate education of pregnant adolescent girls

2

No explicit protection of the right to education of pregnant and parenting girls

Source: HerAtlas , 2019

Existence of processes to support coordinated action on gender equality in and through education by ministries, civil society, youth organizations and other actors

Data coming soon!

Existence of systematic processes to review and update curricula and learning resources, with a view to eradicating gender stereotypes and promoting gender equality

Data coming soon!

Training on gender-responsive pedagogies is embedded in teacher training programmes

Data coming soon!


Programs Back to Top

Project/Program

(re)solve

Project/Program

Act With Her

Project/Program

BEST Girls- Being Empowered, Strong and Together

Network/Convening/Conference

Better Life, Better Future

Project/Program

CHANGE: Improving Access to Education in Ethiopia for most Vulnerable Girls

Funding Initiative/Portfolio

COVID-19 Initiative: Objectives to address the Immediate and Long-term Implications of the Pandemic on Girls' Education

Funding Initiative/Portfolio

Comprehensive scholarship programme

Project/Program

Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE)

Project/Program

Education Access and Equity

Project/Program

Education Matters More

Project/Program

Education and skills program (Inclusive education, girls' education and TVET)

Project/Program

Enhancing Gender Equity in Education

Project/Program

Enhancing Quality and Inclusive Education

Project/Program

Excelling Against the Odds

Advocacy Campaign/Project

Expanding Quality Family Planning and Reproductive Health Service Provision

Project/Program

FAWE's Gender Sensitive Schools

Project/Program

Family and Inter-Generational Literacy and Learning Project

Project/Program

Food for Education

Funding Initiative/Portfolio

Funding For Girls Education Programs

Funding Initiative/Portfolio

Gender Equity/Education Funding

Research Project/Report/Study

Gender and Adolescence: Global Evidence (GAGE)

Research Project/Report/Study

Gender, Education and Skills

Project/Program

Gender-Responsive Pedagogy

Funding Initiative/Portfolio

Girls' Education Challenge

Project/Program

Girls' Education Program (EDA)

Project/Program

Global Programme to End Child Marriage

Network/Convening/Conference

Her Choice

Project/Program

Inclusive Education Support Program

Project/Program

Learn4Work

Project/Program

Leaving No Girl Behind

Project/Program

Machakos County: AWESOME-Advancing women engagement for strengthening opportunities to mobilise for equality in Kenya.

Project/Program

Mastercard Foundation Scholars Program

Project/Program

Meisso Inclusive Quality Education for Children Project

Project/Program

Mercy Center

Project/Program

Providing Basic Education to Out of School Children

Research Project/Report/Study

Research on Improving Systems of Education (RISE)

Project/Program

Saba Boru Integrated Community Development Program

Research Project/Report/Study

Strengthening Monitoring and Reporting of Attacks on Education

Project/Program

Support Her Empowerment & Girls' Resilience, Enterprise, and Technology Initiative (SHE's GREAT!)

Research Project/Report/Study

Tackling School-Related Gender-Based Violence

Project/Program

Teacher Training

Project/Program

Technical Assistance to Reinforce General Education Quality Improvement Program for Equity (TARGET)

Research Project/Report/Study

The COVID-19 Crisis and its Impact on Global Education

Research Project/Report/Study

The Effect of COVID-19 on Education in Africa and its Implications for the Use of Technology: A Survey of the Experiences and Opinions of Educators and Technology Specialists

Project/Program

USAID Reading for Ethiopia’s Achievement Developed (READ II) Education Recovery

Project/Program

Unlocking Talent Through Technology

Research Project/Report/Study

Who Is Going Back to School? A Four-Country Rapid Survey in Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, and Pakistan

Project/Program

YEGNA (Ours) Program

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Government Programs Back to Top

Project/Program

Adolescent Girls' Programming Community of Practice

Project/Program

Comprehensive, Homegrown, Inclusive, Learning and Development - School Feeding Project (CHILD-SFP)

Project/Program

Literacy Boost

Project/Program

Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET)

Project/Program

Speed School Program

Project/Program

Improving integration of and access to educative materials for children with visual impairment

Project/Program

CHANGE: Improving Access to Education in Ethiopia for Most Marginalized Girls Project

Research Project/Report/Study

Violence Against Children and Youth Survey

Project/Program

Second Chance (Luminos Fund)

Project/Program

UNESCO-HNA Partnership for Girls’ and Women’s Education: Ethiopia

Project/Program

Biruh Tesfa (“Bright Future”)

Project/Program

Tutorial Support Program for Primary School Girls

Project/Program

General education access, equity, internal efficiency

Project/Program

Promoting Greater Access to University for Girls (U-GIRLS 2) Project

Funding Initiative/Portfolio

Ethiopia Women Entrepreneurship Development Project

Project/Program

Abdiboru

Research Project/Report/Study

TESFA+

Project/Program

General Education, Ethiopia

Project/Program

Ethiopia General Education Quality Improvement Program for Equity

Project/Program

Supporting the Transition of Adolescent Girls through Enhancing Systems (STAGES)

Project/Program

Towards Economic and Sexual Reproductive Health Outcomes for Adolescent Girls (TESFA+)

Project/Program

READ II

Project/Program

Link's Response to COVID-19

Project/Program

Access to Quality Education for Children

Project/Program

Transform: Primary Health Care

Show More