Education in developing countries – what policies and programmes affect learning and time in school?

Key Information

Authors

Damon, Amy; Glewwe, Paul; Wisniewski, Suzanne; Sun, Bixuan

Year published

2014

Study type

Report

Countries in analysis

  • Afghanistan
  • Argentina
  • Benin
  • Bolivia, Plurinational State of
  • Brazil
  • Burkina Faso
  • Cambodia
  • Chile
  • China
  • Colombia
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • El Salvador
  • Ethiopia
  • Honduras
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Jamaica
  • Kenya
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Mexico
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Nepal
  • Nicaragua
  • Niger
  • Pakistan
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Romania
  • Sierra Leone
  • South Africa
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Uganda

Subnational

The study is subnational.

Participants

  • Boys (both in school and out of school)
  • Girls (both in school and out of school)

Age range

5 - 22

Analysis type

Meta-analysis / Systematic review

Intervention Description

Information on returns to education, school counseling, conditional cash transfer, unconditional cash transfer, eliminating school fees, merit based scholarship, mother class on child learning, female sanitary products, career counseling, mother literacy class, school-based management, teacher performance pay, tracking/streaming, computer/electronic games/ access to technology, new literacy curriculum, building new schools, hours per school day, textbooks, flip-charts, provision of libraries, multilevel learning materials, pupil-teacher ratio, school meals, de-worming medicine, iron supplements, support circles, providing school uniforms

Approaches and Outcomes

  • Ability-level grouping / Increased test scores
  • Conditional cash transfers (including non-cash goods) to individuals/households / Increased grade attainment
  • Conditional cash transfers (including non-cash goods) to individuals/households / Increased test scores
  • Construction/improvement of libraries / Increased grade attainment
  • Construction/improvement of libraries / Increased test scores
  • Construction/improvement of schools / Increased grade attainment
  • Construction/improvement of schools / Increased test scores
  • Deworming / Increased grade attainment
  • Deworming / Increased test scores
  • Digital devices for the purposes of studying, learning / Increased grade attainment
  • Digital devices for the purposes of studying, learning / Increased test scores
  • Engaging parents/caregivers of students or school-age children/adolescents / Increased grade attainment
  • Engaging parents/caregivers of students or school-age children/adolescents / Increased test scores
  • Extending school hours / Increased test scores
  • Hiring more teachers (both men and women) / Increased test scores
  • Increased availability of learning materials / Increased grade attainment
  • Increased availability of learning materials / Increased grade attainment
  • Increased availability of learning materials / Increased test scores
  • Informational interventions (e.g. returns to education) / Increased grade attainment
  • Informational interventions (e.g. returns to education) / Increased test scores
  • Iron supplementation / Increased test scores
  • Literacy - in the classroom / Increased test scores
  • Literacy - outside the classroom / Increased test scores
  • Reducing/eliminating school fees / Increased grade attainment
  • Sanitary product distribution / Increased grade attainment
  • Scholarships/stipends for school fees / Increased grade attainment
  • Scholarships/stipends for school fees / Increased test scores
  • School feeding / Increased grade attainment
  • School feeding / Increased test scores
  • School management committees / Increased grade attainment
  • School management committees / Increased test scores
  • Support in and around schools (e.g. peer counseling, adult-to-student counseling) / Increased grade attainment
  • Support in and around schools (e.g. peer counseling, adult-to-student counseling) / Increased grade attainment
  • Support in and around schools (e.g. peer counseling, adult-to-student counseling) / Increased test scores
  • Support in and around schools (e.g. peer counseling, adult-to-student counseling) / Increased test scores
  • Teacher incentives / Increased grade attainment
  • Teacher incentives / Increased test scores
  • Textbooks (unspecified) / Increased grade attainment
  • Textbooks (unspecified) / Increased test scores
  • Unconditional cash transfers (including non-cash goods) to individuals/households / Increased grade attainment
  • Unconditional cash transfers (including non-cash goods) to individuals/households / Increased test scores
  • Uniforms / Increased grade attainment