Interventions for improving learning outcomes and access to education in low-and middle-income countries: a systematic review

Key Information

Authors

Snilsteveit, Birte; Stevenson, Jennifer; Phillips, Daniel; Vojtkova, Martina; Gallagher, Emma; Schmidt, Tanja; Jobse, Hannah; Geelen, Maisie; Grazia Pastorella, Maria; Eyers, John

Year published

2015

Study type

Report

Countries in analysis

  • China
  • Guatemala
  • Jamaica
  • Kenya
  • Malawi
  • Philippines
  • Sri Lanka
  • Zambia

Subnational

The study is subnational.

Participants

  • Boys in school
  • Girls in school

Population description

All interventions were targeted at the primary school level and included students at different ages and grades. For the majority of studies the authors do not specify the school type of the study sample (n= 10). The remaining programmes were targeted at public (government- run) schools only (pg 44).

Age range

5 - 15

Analysis type

Meta-analysis / Systematic review

Intervention Description

Child level: school feeding, school based health - malaria, school based health - micro-nutrient, school based health - de-worming, merit based scholarship, providing infomration Household level: user fee elimination, cash transfers School level: Computer-assisted learning, providing materials, remedial education, new school infrastructure hygiene infrastructure interventions, new school and infrastructure construction of new schools, new school and infrastructure improvement or construction of new schools, pedagogy, extra time in school, grade retention, tracking Teacher level: teacher incentives, teacher hiring, teacher training, diagnostic feedback System level: school-based management, community based monitoring, private-public partnerships

Approaches and Outcomes

  • Ability-level grouping / Increased literacy
  • Ability-level grouping / Increased numeracy
  • Community-based monitoring (e.g. school report cards) / Increased literacy
  • Community-based monitoring (e.g. school report cards) / Increased numeracy
  • Community-based monitoring (e.g. school report cards) / Increased re-enrolment in school among dropouts
  • Community-based monitoring (e.g. school report cards) / Increased school completion (general)
  • Community-based monitoring (e.g. school report cards) / Increased school enrolment (general)
  • Community-based monitoring (e.g. school report cards) / Reduced absenteeism
  • Computer-assisted learning / Increased literacy
  • Computer-assisted learning / Increased numeracy
  • Computer-assisted learning / Increased re-enrolment in school among dropouts
  • Computer-assisted learning / Increased school completion (general)
  • Computer-assisted learning / Increased school enrolment (general)
  • Computer-assisted learning / Reduced absenteeism
  • Conditional cash transfers (including non-cash goods) to individuals/households / Improved critical thinking
  • Conditional cash transfers (including non-cash goods) to individuals/households / Increased literacy
  • Conditional cash transfers (including non-cash goods) to individuals/households / Increased numeracy
  • Conditional cash transfers (including non-cash goods) to individuals/households / Increased re-enrolment in school among dropouts
  • Conditional cash transfers (including non-cash goods) to individuals/households / Increased school completion (general)
  • Conditional cash transfers (including non-cash goods) to individuals/households / Increased school enrolment (general)
  • Conditional cash transfers (including non-cash goods) to individuals/households / Reduced absenteeism
  • Construction/improvement of schools / Increased literacy
  • Construction/improvement of schools / Increased numeracy
  • Construction/improvement of schools / Increased school enrolment (general)
  • Construction/improvement of schools / Reduced absenteeism
  • Construction/improvement of sex-specific toilets / Increased school enrolment (general)
  • Construction/improvement of sex-specific toilets / Reduced absenteeism
  • Deworming / Improved critical thinking
  • Deworming / Increased literacy
  • Deworming / Increased numeracy
  • Deworming / Reduced absenteeism
  • Diagnostic feedback / Increased literacy
  • Diagnostic feedback / Increased numeracy
  • Extending school hours / Increased literacy
  • Extending school hours / Increased numeracy
  • Hiring more teachers (both men and women) / Increased literacy
  • Hiring more teachers (both men and women) / Increased numeracy
  • Hiring more teachers (both men and women) / Increased school completion (general)
  • In-service teacher training – pedagogy general / Improved critical thinking
  • In-service teacher training – pedagogy general / Increased literacy
  • In-service teacher training – pedagogy general / Increased numeracy
  • In-service teacher training – pedagogy general / Increased school completion (general)
  • In-service teacher training – pedagogy general / Reduced absenteeism
  • Increased availability of learning materials / Increased literacy
  • Increased availability of learning materials / Increased numeracy
  • Increased availability of learning materials / Reduced absenteeism
  • Malaria prevention / Improved critical thinking
  • Malaria prevention / Increased literacy
  • Malaria prevention / Increased numeracy
  • Other nutritional supplementation / Improved critical thinking
  • Other nutritional supplementation / Increased numeracy
  • Public-private partnerships / Increased literacy
  • Public-private partnerships / Increased numeracy
  • Public-private partnerships / Increased school completion (general)
  • Public-private partnerships / Increased school enrolment (general)
  • Reducing/eliminating school fees / Increased re-enrolment in school among dropouts
  • Reducing/eliminating school fees / Increased school completion (general)
  • Reducing/eliminating school fees / Increased school enrolment (general)
  • Reducing/eliminating school fees / Reduced absenteeism
  • Remedial education/skills / Increased literacy
  • Remedial education/skills / Increased numeracy
  • Scholarships/stipends for school fees / Increased literacy
  • Scholarships/stipends for school fees / Increased numeracy
  • Scholarships/stipends for school fees / Increased re-enrolment in school among dropouts
  • Scholarships/stipends for school fees / Increased school completion (general)
  • School feeding / Improved critical thinking
  • School feeding / Increased literacy
  • School feeding / Increased numeracy
  • School feeding / Increased re-enrolment in school among dropouts
  • School feeding / Increased school enrolment (general)
  • School feeding / Increased school enrolment (general)
  • School feeding / Reduced absenteeism
  • School management committees / Increased literacy
  • School management committees / Increased numeracy
  • School management committees / Increased re-enrolment in school among dropouts
  • School management committees / Increased school completion (general)
  • School management committees / Increased school enrolment (general)
  • Teacher incentives / Increased literacy
  • Teacher incentives / Increased numeracy
  • Teacher incentives / Increased re-enrolment in school among dropouts
  • Teacher incentives / Increased school completion (general)
  • Teacher incentives / Increased school enrolment (general)
  • Teacher incentives / Reduced absenteeism