School Resources and Educational Outcomes in Developing Countries: A Review of the Literature from 1990-2010

Key Information

Authors

Glewwe, Paul; Hanushek, Eric; Humpage, Sarah; Ravina, Renato

Year published

2011

Study type

Working paper

Countries in analysis

  • Bangladesh
  • Belize
  • Bolivia, Plurinational State of
  • Brazil
  • Cambodia
  • Chile
  • China
  • Colombia
  • Ghana
  • Guatemala
  • Honduras
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Jamaica
  • Kenya
  • Mexico
  • Nigeria
  • Pakistan
  • Philippines
  • Senegal
  • South Africa
  • Thailand
  • Turkey
  • Uganda
  • United Republic of Tanzania
  • Uruguay
  • Viet Nam

Subnational

The study is subnational.

Participants

Population description

Focuses only on primary and secondary education, and thus it does not include pre-primary, vocational or post-secondary education (pg 12).

Analysis type

Meta-analysis / Systematic review

Intervention Description

School Infrastructure interventions: Textbooks/Workbooks, Desks/Tables/Chairs, Computers, Electricity, Blackboard/Flip chart, Library, Roof/Wall/Floor, Building new schools Teacher Characteristics: Teacher training (in service), Female teachers School Organization: School provides meals, hours of school day, tutoring, cost of attending, merit based scholarship

Approaches and Outcomes

  • Construction/improvement of classrooms / Improved academic skills (literacy and numeracy)
  • Construction/improvement of classrooms / Improved academic skills (literacy and numeracy)
  • Construction/improvement of electricity / Improved academic skills (literacy and numeracy)
  • Construction/improvement of libraries / Improved academic skills (literacy and numeracy)
  • Construction/improvement of schools / Improved academic skills (literacy and numeracy)
  • Construction/improvement of schools / Reduced absenteeism
  • Construction/improvement of schools / Reduced absenteeism
  • Digital devices for the purposes of studying, learning / Improved academic skills (literacy and numeracy)
  • Extending school hours / Improved academic skills (literacy and numeracy)
  • Hiring more female teachers / Improved academic skills (literacy and numeracy)
  • In-service teacher training – pedagogy general / Improved academic skills (literacy and numeracy)
  • In-service teacher training – pedagogy general / Reduced absenteeism
  • Increased availability of learning materials / Reduced absenteeism
  • Reducing/eliminating school fees / Reduced absenteeism
  • School feeding / Improved academic skills (literacy and numeracy)
  • Textbooks (unspecified) / Improved academic skills (literacy and numeracy)
  • Textbooks (unspecified) / Reduced absenteeism
  • Tutoring - general / Improved academic skills (literacy and numeracy)