Interventions for Improving Learning Outcomes and Access to Education in Low-and Middle-Income Countries

Key Information

Authors

Snilstveit, Birte; Stevenson, Jennifer; Phillips, Daniel; Vojtkova, Martina; Gallagher, Emma; Schmidt, Tanja; Jobse, Hannah; Geelen, Maisie; Pastorello, Maria Grazia; Eyers, John

Year published

2015

Study type

Report

Countries in analysis

  • Afghanistan
  • Argentina
  • Bangladesh
  • Benin
  • Bolivia, Plurinational State of
  • Brazil
  • Burkina Faso
  • Cambodia
  • Chile
  • China
  • Colombia
  • Costa Rica
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • El Salvador
  • Gambia, The
  • Georgia
  • Guatemala
  • Guyana
  • Haiti
  • Honduras
  • India
  • Jamaica
  • Kenya
  • Lao People's Democratic Republic
  • Lesotho
  • Liberia
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Mali
  • Mexico
  • Morocco
  • Nepal
  • Nicaragua
  • Niger
  • Pakistan
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Senegal
  • Sierra Leone
  • South Africa
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sudan
  • Togo
  • Turkey
  • Uganda
  • United Republic of Tanzania
  • Uruguay
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe

Subnational

The study is subnational.

Participants

  • Boys (both in school and out of school)
  • Girls (both in school and out of school)

Population description

Primary and secondary school children in low- and middle-income countries

Analysis type

Meta-analysis / Systematic review

Intervention Description

A comprehensive range of commonly implemented education interventions designed to address one or more barriers to school participation and learning: school feeding, school-based health, merit-based scholarships, provision of information, reduction of user fees, cash transfers, structured pedagogy, computer assisted learning, remedial education, provision of materials, extra time in school, tracking of students, grade retention, new schools and infrastructure, teacher incentives, teacher hiring, teacher training, diagnostic feedback, school-based management, community-based monitoring, and finally, private-public partnerships.

Approaches and Outcomes

  • Computer-assisted learning / Increased literacy
  • Computer-assisted learning / Increased numeracy
  • Computer-assisted learning / Increased school completion (general)
  • Computer-assisted learning / Increased school enrolment (general)
  • Computer-assisted learning / Increased test scores
  • Computer-assisted learning / Reduced absenteeism
  • Conditional cash transfers (including non-cash goods) to individuals/households / Improved critical thinking
  • Conditional cash transfers (including non-cash goods) to individuals/households / Increased literacy
  • Conditional cash transfers (including non-cash goods) to individuals/households / Increased numeracy
  • Conditional cash transfers (including non-cash goods) to individuals/households / Increased school completion (general)
  • Conditional cash transfers (including non-cash goods) to individuals/households / Increased school enrolment (general)
  • Conditional cash transfers (including non-cash goods) to individuals/households / Increased test scores
  • Construction/improvement of schools / Increased literacy
  • Construction/improvement of schools / Increased numeracy
  • Construction/improvement of schools / Increased school enrolment (general)
  • Construction/improvement of schools / Reduced absenteeism
  • Deworming / Improved critical thinking
  • Deworming / Increased literacy
  • Deworming / Increased numeracy
  • Deworming / Reduced absenteeism
  • Extending school hours / Increased literacy
  • Extending school hours / Increased numeracy
  • Hiring more teachers (both men and women) / Increased literacy
  • Hiring more teachers (both men and women) / Increased numeracy
  • Hiring more teachers (both men and women) / Increased school completion (general)
  • Hiring more teachers (both men and women) / Increased test scores
  • In-service teacher training – pedagogy general / Improved critical thinking
  • In-service teacher training – pedagogy general / Increased literacy
  • In-service teacher training – pedagogy general / Increased numeracy
  • In-service teacher training – pedagogy general / Increased school completion (general)
  • In-service teacher training – pedagogy general / Increased test scores
  • In-service teacher training – pedagogy general / Reduced absenteeism
  • Increased availability of learning materials / Increased literacy
  • Increased availability of learning materials / Increased numeracy
  • Increased availability of learning materials / Increased test scores
  • Malaria prevention / Improved critical thinking
  • Malaria prevention / Increased literacy
  • Malaria prevention / Increased numeracy
  • Other nutritional supplementation / Improved critical thinking
  • Other nutritional supplementation / Increased numeracy
  • Reducing/eliminating school fees / Increased school completion (general)
  • Reducing/eliminating school fees / Increased school enrolment (general)
  • Reducing/eliminating school fees / Reduced absenteeism
  • Scholarships/stipends for school fees / Increased literacy
  • Scholarships/stipends for school fees / Increased numeracy
  • Scholarships/stipends for school fees / Increased school completion (general)
  • Scholarships/stipends for school fees / Increased test scores
  • Scholarships/stipends for school fees / Reduced absenteeism
  • School feeding / Improved critical thinking
  • School feeding / Increased literacy
  • School feeding / Increased numeracy
  • School feeding / Increased school completion (general)
  • School feeding / Increased school enrolment (general)
  • School feeding / Increased test scores
  • School feeding / Reduced absenteeism
  • School management committees / Increased literacy
  • Teacher incentives / Increased literacy
  • Teacher incentives / Increased numeracy
  • Teacher incentives / Increased school completion (general)
  • Teacher incentives / Increased school enrolment (general)
  • Teacher incentives / Increased test scores
  • Teacher incentives / Reduced absenteeism